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Human Trafficking as a Quintessence of 21st Century Slavery

The Vulnerability of Nigerians in Austria

Chigozie DDr. Nnebedum

This book is a contribution towards a better understanding of the nature of the international crime of human trafficking. It is an impulse towards finding a new way at the international levels, and encouraging cooperation among nations in the fight against human trafficking and its root causes. The author analyzes human trafficking, which can be termed as «modern-day slavery» and in its complexity and dynamism ends up in the exploitation of the victims for the personal gains of a person or group of persons. A majority of the victims, especially women, end up in the sex industries. In most cases people are transported from the so-called underdeveloped to supposedly developed regions. As a result, women and girls are smuggled yearly from underdeveloped countries, for example Nigeria, to Europe and America.

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5 Situation of the Victims of Human Trafficking in Austria


5.1 Wrong Treatment of the Victims by the Traffickers and Clients

The Federal Republic of Austria has nine states (Bundesländer).60 In this chapter, the general situation of the victims within the territory of the Federal Republic of Austria is examined. While the examination focuses specifically on the victims’ situations in Austria, it is not limited to it alone as mentioned in the introduction (cf. Chapter 1.1). The situation and treatment of the victims in Austria will be analyzed on the basis of their conformity or non-conformity with the dictations of the UDHR (see Chapter 1.5.1) whereby human rights are to be understood as the basic standards of rights every person has, without which one cannot live with dignity. The UDHR demands that every person deserves the right to be accorded due respect as contained in the declaration and sets the minimum standard to be observed by all in treating others (see UDHR art. 2, in appendix 2).

Victims are constantly exploited by the traffickers in order to make a maximum profit off of them. This exploitation, which normally worsens the lives of the victims in the destination countries, lasts over a long period of time until the authorities can rescue them – if at all and if the victims are lucky. The traffickers use intemperate violence to control the victims who are often kept under miserable conditions throughout the period of their ‘servitude’. In addition to other ordeals the victims go through, they...

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