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Human Trafficking as a Quintessence of 21st Century Slavery

The Vulnerability of Nigerians in Austria

Chigozie DDr. Nnebedum

This book is a contribution towards a better understanding of the nature of the international crime of human trafficking. It is an impulse towards finding a new way at the international levels, and encouraging cooperation among nations in the fight against human trafficking and its root causes. The author analyzes human trafficking, which can be termed as «modern-day slavery» and in its complexity and dynamism ends up in the exploitation of the victims for the personal gains of a person or group of persons. A majority of the victims, especially women, end up in the sex industries. In most cases people are transported from the so-called underdeveloped to supposedly developed regions. As a result, women and girls are smuggled yearly from underdeveloped countries, for example Nigeria, to Europe and America.

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7 Measures to Combat Human Trafficking

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There are many anti-trafficking initiatives from stakeholders at both the national and global levels. This chapter looks into such initiatives and how to improve them, while suggesting some other strategies that could be adopted in the fight against human trafficking. The focus should be geared towards the development and enforcement of appropriate laws in the areas of prosecuting the perpetrators of the crime and protecting the victims. International and regional human rights laws prohibit and criminalize trafficking in human beings. Still more needs to be done to secure the rights, liberty and security which are denied the victims in a violent way by the perpetrators of the crime and in a systematic way by the authorities of the destination countries. The efforts should not be limited to one area alone but should be bilateral because it is often the case that the destination countries are more developed and as such better equipped with facilities to fight the crime. Such multilateral efforts should be coordinated to avoid duplication (Shelley 2010, p. 322).

This chapter seeks to review the efforts already made in the fight against human trafficking and advocates for international cooperation against the crime. It seeks to expand the criminal justice approaches, which are prevention, prosecution and protection. This expansion includes empowerment of the victims. States are being guided on the ways to fight human trafficking and encourage empowerment of women. This is necessary because without the empowerment of the victims to be self-reliant the possibility...

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