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Human Trafficking as a Quintessence of 21st Century Slavery

The Vulnerability of Nigerians in Austria

Chigozie DDr. Nnebedum

This book is a contribution towards a better understanding of the nature of the international crime of human trafficking. It is an impulse towards finding a new way at the international levels, and encouraging cooperation among nations in the fight against human trafficking and its root causes. The author analyzes human trafficking, which can be termed as «modern-day slavery» and in its complexity and dynamism ends up in the exploitation of the victims for the personal gains of a person or group of persons. A majority of the victims, especially women, end up in the sex industries. In most cases people are transported from the so-called underdeveloped to supposedly developed regions. As a result, women and girls are smuggled yearly from underdeveloped countries, for example Nigeria, to Europe and America.

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I am grateful to God for his blessings to me always.

My unalloyed gratitude goes to Univ. Prof. Dr. Johann Bacher who, through his patience, suggestions, directions and understanding, painstakingly moderated this work. I remain ever grateful to him. I thank Univ. Prof. Dr. Franz Leidenmüller for accepting to be my second moderator, and Univ. Prof. Joachim Nemella for his advice. To other Professors who have in one way or the other helped me during my studies at the Johannes Kepler University Linz (JKU) Austria, and to the students colleagues I say thank you. I want to thank Prof. Mrs. Raina Zimmering for her assistance at the beginning of my studies at the JKU.

I want to thank my bishop Most Rev. Dr. John I. Okoye for giving me the opportunity to Study abroad. I also thank Bishop Anthony Gbuji (Bishop emeritus of Enugu Diocese) for the initial permission to study abroad. I am greatful to Frs. Johann Zauner, Christian Anieke (for taking care of the proofreading), John Madubuko, Ernest Okonkwo, Basil Okeke, Paulinus Aniedu, Moses Chukwujekwu, Paulinus Aneke, Stan Maduechesi, Ernest Obodo

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