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Contemporary Migrations in the Humanistic Coefficient Perspective

Florian Znaniecki’s Thought in Today’s Social Science Research

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Edited By Jacek Kubera and Łukasz Skoczylas

This book presents contributions from migration sociologists inspired by Florian Znaniecki’s theory and the results of his studies to conduct their own research in countries like Austria, China, Greece and Poland. The authors evaluate today’s migration phenomena with reference to a coherent theoretical system. The book can be used as a manual presenting the tools for examining the migration experience from many angles: a sense of national identity (ethnic and civic), family ties, the importance of the social environment in the process of an individual’s integration with the society or an evolution of entire social systems within which the migrants operate.

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Beyond The Polish Peasant: Znaniecki’s Scientific Ideal and its Potential Influence on the Contemporary Field of Transnational Studies (Marcin Grodzki)

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Marcin Grodzki

Department of Sociology State University of New York Oneonta

Beyond The Polish Peasant: Znaniecki’s Scientific Ideal and its Potential Influence on the Contemporary Field of Transnational Studies

Abstract: For Znaniecki any novelty in whatever area of cultural life presupposed ideals that agents adopt and seek to realize in their practice. Znaniecki’s scientific project cannot be understood apart from his anti-naturalistic pragmatic philosophy of cultural reality. His scientific project demands the adoption of a number of scientific ideals: some theoretic, other methodological, and other social. Znaniecki’s scientific ideal for sociology challenged two older ideals: (1) of sociology as the study of organic societies as wholes, (2) and of sociology as the theory of all cultural scientific data. The situation of fundamental disagreements among social scientists about both cultural scientific division of labor, and about scientific standards of truth and validity, might be overcome by more widespread adoption of Znaniecki’s ideal.

Keywords: Florian Znaniecki; culturalism; sociology of ideals; scientific division of labor; scientist as an explorer

Some of the most influential texts of social science have been statements of social and scientific ideals. Consider for example “The Promise” of Sociological Imagination, or the “Methodological Note” from The Polish Peasant, not to mention The Communist Manifesto. No doubt, ideals are culturally influential, especially for those actions that require a greater degree of creativity, but social scientists have been curiously uninterested in the study of ideals, often not knowing...

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