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Neue Aramäische Studien

Geschichte und Gegenwart

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Edited By Dorothea Weltecke

Dieser Sammelband zeichnet die Konstituierung und erste Arbeitsphase der Forschungsstelle für Aramäische Studien nach. Die Aufsätze gehen aus unterschiedlichen Veranstaltungen hervor. Sie spiegeln die Forschungsinteressen der aramäischen Initiatoren wieder, die im Vergleich zu den traditionellen syrischen Forschungen in Deutschland neue inhaltliche Themen insbesondere aus Geschichte, Soziologie und Politikwissenschaft beleuchten. Prominente Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler sowie junge Autorinnen und Autoren bearbeiten Themen von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. Viele Beiträge wurden von Aramäern verfasst. Der Band möchte zur Weiterentwicklung der syrischen Studien und zu ihrer Verankerung in neuen wissenschaftlichen Disziplinen beitragen.

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Interdependence of Classical Syriac and Suryoyo of Tur Abdin (STA): Orthography for the STA (Abdul Massih Saadi)

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Abdul Massih Saadi

Interdependence of Classical Syriac and Suryoyo of Tur Abdin (STA): Orthography for the STA

Abstract: The aim of the essay is to discuss and establish an orthography of the Aramaic of the Tur Abdin. The author bases his approach on the writing system and the orthography of the Classical Syrian language still used in liturgy and theology.

1 Introduction

The Syriac language, once the lingua franca of a large part of the Middle East for over 1.000 years, barely survived in one written, non-spoken language, and a few other spoken dialects. The written language is known as Classical Syriac or the Syriac of Edessa, and one of the surviving spoken dialects is Suryoyo of Tur Abdin (STA). STA is still a spoken language, despite some individual attempts to write in it. As there have been serious efforts to revive Classical Syriac, there is a pressing demand to have literature in the spoken language of STA. The aim of this article is to present a system of orthography that enlivens the STA and revives Classical Syriac interdependently.

The main areas of study of any language are its phonology, morphology and syntax. The written language must have a consistent orthography that reflects these three components. For non-spoken languages, only the morphology can be studied with some certainty, while studying its phonology or syntax remains limited by the limited contents of the surviving texts. The study of...

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