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Literatura e Outras Artes

Construção da Memória em Angola e Moçambique

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Edited By Ineke Phaf-Rheinberger, Ana Sobral and Selma Pantoja

Os ensaios neste livro conduzem o leitor através dos tópicos cruciais do pós-colonialismo de Angola e Moçambique, como refletidos nas suas literaturas, cinema, música e artes. O passado, na forma das tradições esquecidas / redescobertas ou da guerra, continua formando as maneiras nas quais estas nações articulam e negociam suas identidades. Enfatiza-se a cena particularmente vibrante de Luanda e, ademais, dedica-se atenção (à falta de) às traduções dos textos portugueses noutras línguas.

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Introduction (Ineke Phaf-Rheinberger / Ana Sobral)

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Introduction

Roughly 40 years after attaining independence from Portuguese colonial rule, Angola and Mozambique have built a vibrant, multi-layered cultural scene in which the past continues to interact with the present. It is to this complex relationship between past, present and future, between history and memory, that this edited volume dedicates a series of articles and reflections.

The national identities of both Lusophone African countries have been profoundly marked by a long anti-colonial resistance struggle that culminated in the attainment of independence in 1975. In both countries, this was followed by the establishment of socialist governments and the outset of a protracted civil war – lasting until 1992 in Mozambique, and 2002 in Angola – which many saw as part of the Cold War’s proxy conflicts in Africa. The population was divided into different camps and did not have the political tools for negotiating power relations other than with arms. These wars completely destroyed villages, cities and entire regions, hampered the economy and left a deep imprint on the memories of Angolans and Mozambicans. With the end of the Cold War in the early 1990s, both Angola and Mozambique’s regimes adopted more democratic structures, although political tensions can still be acutely felt.

Such a cursory overview of major developments, attainments and upheavals cannot do justice to the rich cultural output both young nations experienced, in spite of their many hardships. Indeed, we can observe a lively interest in cultural production, as the...

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