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Language in Research and Teaching

Proceedings from the CALS Conference 2016

Edited By Marija Brala Vukanović and Anita Memišević

This book aims at bridging language research and language teaching and contains four sections. It opens with two papers which relate language to literature: one exploring childlike language, the second investigating the distinction between literary and non-literary text categorization principles. Next are the papers on multicultural and sociolinguistic topics, including a paper on English as an international language, and two papers on the perception of bilingualism in education. The third thematic section explores semantics, with two papers on prefixes and one on metaphor. The final thematic section is dedicated to syntax, with one paper on complex predicates, one on syntactic complexity in spontaneous spoken language and one of Croatian null and overt subject pronouns.

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The use of metaphors in marine engineering texts in English (Sandra Tominac Coslovich / Josip Luzer)

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Sandra Tominac Coslovich

Faculty of Maritime Studies in Rijeka stominac@pfri.hr

Josip Luzer

Retired professor, Faculty of Maritime Studies in Rijeka luzer@pfri.hr

The use of metaphors in marine engineering texts in English

Abstract: The paper starts from the view that metaphor is not an elaborate figure of speech, but a reflection of how human thought operates, based on the way humans learn and interact with the world. The aim of this paper is to contribute to the further development of research devoted to metaphors that make up specialized technical disciplines by exploring the use of metaphor in marine engineering. It builds on similar research on the use of metaphors carried out in civil engineering and architecture in English and Spanish (Roldán-Riejos 2012, Roldán-Riejos & Ubeda-Mansilla 2006, Úbeda-Mansilla 2003). For the purpose of this paper a collection of 25 marine engineering texts in English has been assembled; including books, manuals, shipboard instruction, operation and maintenance manuals in order to identify and analyse metaphorical expressions that appear in these specialized texts. Thus, the authors have manually extracted the expressions that could be considered metaphorical and adopted a cognitive linguistic approach (Lakoff & Johnson 1980, Fauconnier 1997, Fauconnier & Turner 2002) in their analysis in a bid to show the most significant conceptual metaphors and image mappings underlying the language used in marine engineering terminology and discourse. The most common conceptual mapping found in the aforementioned collection...

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