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Climate Change in Africa

Social and Political Impacts, Conflicts, and Strategies

Edited By Bettina Engels and Kristina Dietz

This volume deals with the consequences of climate change and issues of international climate policy relating to Africa from a social science perspective. The contributions by international authors question dominant political approaches and key concepts of the climate debate. They explain how the effects of climate change are linked to existing social, economic and political-institutional structures and action by the State. The authors show how social movements in Africa shape climate policy «from below». The volume serves as an introduction into climate change in Africa. It wants to stimulate a critical debate on dominant strategies and points out that there can be no simple answers to the complex socio-ecological and political challenges linked to climate change in Africa.

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Social and Political Impacts of Climate Change in Nigeria (Chinma George)

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Chinma George

Social and Political Impacts of Climate Change in Nigeria

Introduction

Climate change has been widely acknowledged as a threat to human existence on planet earth, especially with the increase of life-threatening events such as melting of the arctic ice, rising sea levels, flooding, famine and desertification. Scientists have admitted that human activities have caused climate change; industrialization of over 150 years by the Northern countries has brought about an increase of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere causing global warming and ultimately climate change. The continuous release of CO2 emissions and accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere has changed the weather and climate patterns, unfortunately those that have caused climate change are mostly not the ones feeling the impact. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) states that

Warming of the climate is unequivocal, and since the 1950s, many of the observed changes are unprecedented over decades to millennia. The atmosphere and ocean have warmed, the amounts of snow and ice have diminished, and sea levels have risen. (IPCC 2013: 4)

Climate change poses a great challenge to the African continent: wellbeing, health as well as the quest for sustainable development. Africa has been recognized as one of the most vulnerable continents to climate change (Niang et al. 2014). Already the continent is suffering from the negative effects of climate change, which are aggravating existent challenges like inequality, unemployment, food insecurity, water scarcity, and migration. “Climate change is...

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