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New Horizons in Philosophy and Sociology

Edited By Hülya Yaldir and Güncel Önkal

What is our responsibility as scholars in the Humanities and Social Sciences in the face of global issues threatening humanity today? This book provides a platform for an interdisciplinary, cross-cultural dialogue among philosophers and sociologists on the most pressing global issues facing humanity today. Combining the critical thinking of philosophy with sociological methods and researches, this volume offers fresh and stimulating perspectives with regard to various issues including environmental degradation, democracy, gender and economic inequalities, religion, war and peace.

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About the Opportunity of a Permanent Peace in Today’s World: Kantian Perpetual Peace

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1 Introduction

During the history of philosophy, philosophers suggested various ideas on “peace” that is an important problem of humanity. Concept of peace indicates an ontological condition or process that describes what and how relationship of man with him, others, nature and God would be. Longing for peace is one of the mostly mentioned demands in our day when wars have never decelerated and become more destructive and boundless by means of new opportunities brought along technology.

On the other hand, human rights violations, terror, wars against terror, civil wars or wars between the countries are usual circumstances today. While a part of the world experiences the wars in all reality, the other part of more people watch them. The demand of people caused by the events experienced or watched is common: a world without war or a permanent peace (Tepe, 2013: 63).

One of the most frequently asked questions of today is “is a world with a permanent peace and without war possible or not?” Immanuel Kant considered this question, demonstrated preconditions of a permanent (perpetual) peace and tried to show that human being inheres opportunity of a world peace as well as eagerness to fight.

Kant intended to make the peace one of the basic subjects of philosophy by his work called Toward Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch published in 1795. Kant, in his work, carried purpose of traditional politics philosophy a step further through his idea on...

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