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New Horizons in Philosophy and Sociology

Edited By Hülya Yaldir and Güncel Önkal

What is our responsibility as scholars in the Humanities and Social Sciences in the face of global issues threatening humanity today? This book provides a platform for an interdisciplinary, cross-cultural dialogue among philosophers and sociologists on the most pressing global issues facing humanity today. Combining the critical thinking of philosophy with sociological methods and researches, this volume offers fresh and stimulating perspectives with regard to various issues including environmental degradation, democracy, gender and economic inequalities, religion, war and peace.

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The West and Islam: Consequences in the Marginalization of the Religion by the Post-National State

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1 Introduction

If there is an area that reveals the philosophical root of the contemporary State, it is the way in which it has managed the religious question. The evolutionary line in which the Western-style secularity has solidified has made it a human fact, autonomous and even reactive to the divine (Milbank, 2004: 35). This historical reality can give us a key to reflect on why this State has been showing serious limitations to effectively manage one of the most important issues we are facing today. I mean the encounter with the Islamic world, beyond secular reason.

One of the hypotheses I defend here is that the contemporary Western-class State, by marginalizing the religious identity of the public sphere, has also missed many of its positive elements. Especially its ability to give coherence to the social body and contribute to the common good in an effective way. In the case of Islamic civilization, where religious affairs exceed the practice of worship and the political-religious spheres have remained interconnected, this marginalization of religion has sharpened perceptive distortions.

In addition to this approach, a second question could be raised: the divorce of the Western States from the religious point of view is one of the root causes of the blockade between the West and Islam. In parallel, institutions such as the Catholic Church have been able to deepen their rapprochement. Especially because it shares the universe of the sacred as a central element in...

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