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New Horizons in Philosophy and Sociology

Edited By Hülya Yaldir and Güncel Önkal

What is our responsibility as scholars in the Humanities and Social Sciences in the face of global issues threatening humanity today? This book provides a platform for an interdisciplinary, cross-cultural dialogue among philosophers and sociologists on the most pressing global issues facing humanity today. Combining the critical thinking of philosophy with sociological methods and researches, this volume offers fresh and stimulating perspectives with regard to various issues including environmental degradation, democracy, gender and economic inequalities, religion, war and peace.

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Macroeconomic Growth Policies and Female Labour

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1 Introduction

Women’s participation in the workforce is closely related to the components of social, cultural and economic factors. The gender roles, patriarchal structures, mentality, and practices prevailing in the social structure significantly determine women’s participation in the workforce. Depending on the division of labour based on traditional gender roles in society, the labour market operates as a gender stratification in many countries. On the other hand, the international economy is being decisive in the macroeconomic strategies of the countries. Different countries are creating different demands on the female labour force depending on the models of economic growth and development they use and the capitalist phases they are in.

Turkey can achieve the targeted level of development by including women, who make up a significant part of its working population, in the economic and social development processes. According to the March 2010 report of the International Labour Organization (ILO), this rate is 52.9% in the developed economies and the European Union (EU). As Turkish Statistical Institute’s (TÜİK) 2009 data shows, the labour force participation rate of women in Turkey is 26% and the employment rate is 23.2% (Betam 2010). These rates also indicate that we are lagging behind many third world countries. Therefore, the demand for increasing the labour force participation of women and the elimination of gender inequality in employment in economic development policies has been one of the priorities of feminist struggle.

The high gender-based employment disparity in Turkey...

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