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Conflict and Controversy in Small Cinemas


Edited By Janina Falkowska and Krzysztof Loska

This book examines small cinemas and their presentation of society in times of crisis and conflict from an interdisciplinary and intercultural point of view. The authors concentrate on economic, social and political challenges and point to new phenomena which have been exposed by film directors. They present essays on, among others, Basque cinema; gendered controversies in post-communist small cinemas in Slovakia and Czech Republic; ethnic stereotypes in the works of Polish filmmakers; stereotypical representation of women in Japanese avant-garde; post-communist political myths in Hungary; the separatist movements of Catalonia; people in diasporas and during migrations. In view of these timely topics, the book touches on the most serious social and political problems. The films discussed provide an excellent platform for enhancing debates on politics, gender, migration and new aesthetics in cinema at departments of history, sociology, literature and film.

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5. New content and aesthetics in small cinemas: The case of the Basque-language films 80 egunean and Loreak (Iratxe Fresneda / Amaia Nerekan)


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Iratxe Fresneda

University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU Audiovisual Communication Department

Amaia Nerekan

University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU

5. New content and aesthetics in small cinemas: The case of the Basque-language films 80 egunean and Loreak

Abstract: In 2015, at the 63rd San Sebastian International Film Festival, cultural policy makers from 15 countries and regions where non-hegemonic languages are spoken issued the manifesto, Glocal Cinema: Big Stories, Small Countries. This manifesto seeks to promote and showcase the value of the work of professionals from these Small Cinemas. Together with this, 2005 can be considered a turning point in Basque-language cinematography, which is included in the Small Cinemas group. This year saw a substantial growth in the production of Basque films that turn from content typecast under the Basque Conflict, demonstrating the emergence of new aesthetics, content, and formats of audiovisual production. Moreover, the films directed by Jon Goenaga and Jose Mari Garaño attained international recognition, winning many international awards, and one of these films was selected to compete at the Oscar Awards. This chapter explores how local cinema become Global Cinema, analyzing the films 80 egunean and Loreak and examining their content and the aesthetics tied to their successful production, distribution, and exhibition.

Keywords: Basque cinema, Glocal cinema, small cinema, cinema in the Basque language, 80 egunean, Loreak


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