Edited By Janina Falkowska and Krzysztof Loska
This book examines small cinemas and their presentation of society in times of crisis and conflict from an interdisciplinary and intercultural point of view. The authors concentrate on economic, social and political challenges and point to new phenomena which have been exposed by film directors. They present essays on, among others, Basque cinema; gendered controversies in post-communist small cinemas in Slovakia and Czech Republic; ethnic stereotypes in the works of Polish filmmakers; stereotypical representation of women in Japanese avant-garde; post-communist political myths in Hungary; the separatist movements of Catalonia; people in diasporas and during migrations. In view of these timely topics, the book touches on the most serious social and political problems. The films discussed provide an excellent platform for enhancing debates on politics, gender, migration and new aesthetics in cinema at departments of history, sociology, literature and film.
9. Before coming out: Queer representations in contemporary Polish cinema (Sebastian Jagielski)
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Instytut Sztuk Audiowizualnych, Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Poland
9. Before coming out: Queer representations in contemporary Polish cinema
Abstract: In 2013, Polish cinema – owing to two popular films: In the Name Of… by Małgorzata Szumowska and Floating Skyscrapers by Tomasz Wasilewski – came out of the closet, which does not mean that queer issues had hitherto been absent in Polish cinema. The subject of this chapter will be the representations of non-normative men placed within the socio-cultural context of the latest Polish mainstream cinema. First, we will concentrate on popular romantic comedies that attempt to carry out affirmative politics. Next, let us look in detail, at the film Suicide Room (2011) by Jan Komasa, a film that directly preceded the premiere of Szumowska’s and Wasilewski’s movies, which clearly oversteps such identity politics, rejecting ← 125 | 126 → the stable and irrefutable identity for liquid identity, which does not come down to a choice between hetero- and homosexuality, but attempts to extract the plurality of its kinds.
Keywords: Polish cinema, queer cinema, queer representations, homosexuality, Suicide Room
In 2013, Polish cinema – owing to two popular films: In the Name Of… (W imię…) by Małgorzata Szumowska and Floating Skyscrapers (Płynące wieżowce) by Tomasz Wasilewski – came out of the closet1, which does not mean that queer issues had hitherto been absent in Polish cinema. It is worth taking into consideration what preceded such a coming out....
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