Edited By Janina Falkowska and Krzysztof Loska
This book examines small cinemas and their presentation of society in times of crisis and conflict from an interdisciplinary and intercultural point of view. The authors concentrate on economic, social and political challenges and point to new phenomena which have been exposed by film directors. They present essays on, among others, Basque cinema; gendered controversies in post-communist small cinemas in Slovakia and Czech Republic; ethnic stereotypes in the works of Polish filmmakers; stereotypical representation of women in Japanese avant-garde; post-communist political myths in Hungary; the separatist movements of Catalonia; people in diasporas and during migrations. In view of these timely topics, the book touches on the most serious social and political problems. The films discussed provide an excellent platform for enhancing debates on politics, gender, migration and new aesthetics in cinema at departments of history, sociology, literature and film.
11. Exposed and concealed Roma conflict: Representation of contemporary Roma conflicts in Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland and Hungary (Jadwiga Hučková)
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Instytut Sztuk Audiowizualnych, Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Poland
11. Exposed and concealed Roma conflict: Representation of contemporary Roma conflicts in Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland and Hungary
Abstract: Roma conflict is one of the dominant issues that societies and cinemas of Eastern Europe should face. Recently, a variety of deeply touching films have been created such as Just the Wind (dir. Benedek Fliegauf) and Judgement in Hungary (dir. Eszter Hajdú). While the films show disgruntlement or even large-scale protests and riots, the films’ plots rarely present the causes of such events.
Documentary film projects with sociological ambitions, however, stand out above these films, they are knowledgeable and insightful but their range is only local. There are some exceptional cases that overthrow this rule, such as Moving a Settlement or The Roma King (dir. Viliam Poltikovič). On the other hand, the superproductions such as Koza (dir. Ivan Ostrochovský) or The Queen of Silence (dir. Agnieszka Zwiefka) mainly concentrate on the formal side at the expense of the simplification of the film’s content. My purpose is to present various variants of the representation of Roma conflict in these films.
Keywords: Roma, Central Europe, film, politics
“Roma Issue” has progressed to become one of the most serious areas related to Central Europe since the beginning of 1990s. The time of political transformation has created a new context for the issue present in the collective consciousness for...
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