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Conflict and Controversy in Small Cinemas

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Edited By Janina Falkowska and Krzysztof Loska

This book examines small cinemas and their presentation of society in times of crisis and conflict from an interdisciplinary and intercultural point of view. The authors concentrate on economic, social and political challenges and point to new phenomena which have been exposed by film directors. They present essays on, among others, Basque cinema; gendered controversies in post-communist small cinemas in Slovakia and Czech Republic; ethnic stereotypes in the works of Polish filmmakers; stereotypical representation of women in Japanese avant-garde; post-communist political myths in Hungary; the separatist movements of Catalonia; people in diasporas and during migrations. In view of these timely topics, the book touches on the most serious social and political problems. The films discussed provide an excellent platform for enhancing debates on politics, gender, migration and new aesthetics in cinema at departments of history, sociology, literature and film.

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12. Stereotypes and attempts at challenging them in Papusza (2013) by Krzysztof Krauze and Joanna Kos-Krauze (Iwona Grodź)

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Iwona Grodź

12. Stereotypes and attempts at challenging them in Papusza (2013) by Krzysztof Krauze and Joanna Kos-Krauze*

Abstract: The chapter discusses the matter of stereotypes, antagonisms and all kinds of intolerance towards ethnic minorities in Poland. The research material is the Romani minority in Krzysztof Krauze and Joanna Kos-Krauze’s Papusza (2013). The analysis begins with the interest in social problems, or “conflicts and controversies – divisive for contemporary societies.” The subject of the analysis is the Romani minority and the attitude of the Polish society towards it. Stereotypes which bring about negative emotions and prejudices are followed by clearly discriminatory behaviour. The end point shall be a diagnosis of the manner in which Polish cinema challenges mental stereotypes of ethnicity.

Keywords: Stereotypes, Romani minority, Krzysztof Krauze, film Papusza (2013).

In the forest I grew like a shrub of gold, born in a Gypsy tent, akin to a boletus.

I love fire like my own heart. The winds lesser and greater cradled the little Gypsy and blew her far away into the world …

Papusza, Pieśń cygańska z Papuszy głowy ułożona [Gypsy song taken from Papusza’s Head]

“Can we understand other peoples’ cultures in the way they understand them?” “Must this understanding be distorted as it is transferred through the prism of our understanding?” “The troubles that occur between genders are similar to those that affect communication between two different...

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