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Unknown God, Known in His Activities

Incomprehensibility of God during the Trinitarian Controversy of the 4th Century


Tomasz Stępień and Karolina Kochańczyk-Bonińska

What can man know about God? This question became one of the main problems during the 4th-century Trinitarian controversy, which is the focus of this book. Especially during the second phase of the conflict, the claims of Anomean Eunomius caused an emphatic response of Orthodox writers, mainly Basil of Caesarea and Gregory of Nyssa. Eunomius formulated two ways of theology to show that we can know both the substance (ousia) and activities (energeiai) of God. The Orthodox Fathers demonstrated that we can know only the external activities of God, while the essence is entirely incomprehensible. Therefore the 4th-century discussion on whether the Father and the Son are of the same substance was the turning point in the development of negative theology and shaping the Christian conception of God.

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Series Index

European Studies in Theology, Philosophy and History of Religions

Edited by Bartosz Adamczewski

Vol. 1Bartosz Adamczewski: Retelling the Law. Genesis, Exodus-Numbers, and Samuel-Kings as Sequential Hypertextual Reworkings of Deuteronomy. 2012.
Vol. 2Jacek Grzybowski (ed.): Philosophical and Religious Sources of Modern Culture. 2012.
Vol. 3Bartosz Adamczewski: Hypertextuality and Historicity in the Gospels. 2013.
Vol. 4Edmund Morawiec: Intellectual Intuition in the General Metaphysics of Jacques Maritain. A Study in the History of the Methodology of Classical Metaphysics. 2013.
Vol. 5Edward Nieznański: Towards a Formalization of Thomistic Theodicy. Formalized Attempts to Set Formal Logical Bases to State First Elements of Relations Considered in the Thomistic Theodicy. 2013.
Vol. 6Mariusz Rosik: “In Christ All Will Be Made Alive” (1 Cor 15:12-58). The Role of Old Testament Quotations in the Pauline Argumentation for the Resurrection. 2013.
Vol. 7Jan Krokos: Conscience as Cognition. Phenomenological Complementing of Aquinas’s Theory of Conscience. 2013.
Vol. 8Bartosz Adamczewski: The Gospel of Mark. A Hypertextual Commentary. 2014.
Vol. 9Jacek Grzybowski: Cosmological and Philosophical World of Dante Alighieri. The Divine Comedy as a Medieval Vision of the Universe. 2015.
Vol. 10Dariusz Karłowicz: The Archparadox of Death. Martyrdom as a Philosophical Category. 2016.
Vol. 11Monika Ożóg: Inter duas potestates: The Religious Policy of Theoderic the Great. Translated by Marcin Fijak. 2016.
Vol. 12Marek Dobrzeniecki: The Conflicts of Modernity in Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. 2016.
Vol. 13Bartosz Adamczewski: The Gospel of Luke. A Hypertextual Commentary. 2016.
Vol. 14Paweł Rytel-Andrianik: Manna – Bread from Heaven. Jn 6:22-59 in the Light of Ps 78:23-25 and Its Interpretation in Early Jewish Sources. 2017.
Vol. 15Jan Čížek: The Conception of Man in the Works of John Amos Comenius. 2016.
Vol. 16Bartosz Adamczewski: The Gospel of Matthew. A Hypertextual Commentary. 2017.
Vol. 17Bartosz Adamczewski: The Gospel of John. A Hypertextual Commentary. 2018.
Vol. 18Tomasz Stępień & Karolina Kochańczyk-Bonińska: Unknown God, Known in His Activities. 2018