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Industry 4.0 from the MIS Perspective

Edited By Sevinc Gülseçen, Zerrin Ayvaz Reis, Murat Gezer and Çiğdem Erol

Nowadays, an end-to-end industrial transformation called Industry 4.0 sets new goals for manufacturing and impacts on business outcomes. With some of its characteristic elements such as IoT (Internet of Things), digital twin simulation models, advanced robots, big data analytics, and virtual/augmented reality, Industry 4.0 is «de facto» going further. The book aims to provide relevant theoretical frameworks and the latest empirical research findings in the area of Management Information Systems (MIS) with the scope of Industry 4.0. The strategic role of Industry 4.0 in the distributed business environment and the necessity to protect and properly utilize its key elements at different levels of organizations as well as in society are discussed.

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A Roadmap for Turkey’s Industry 4.0 Transformation Based on Germany’s Strategy (İdil Atasu / Meltem Özturan / Birgül Kutlu)

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İdil Atasu*, Meltem Özturan and Birgül Kutlu

A Roadmap for Turkey’s Industry 4.0 Transformation Based on Germany’s Strategy

1.  Introduction

Since the end of the 18th century, the world has gone through three distinct industrial revolutions triggered by technology. The first one was around 1784 following the introduction of water-/steam-powered mechanical manufacturing facilities. The second one was following the introduction of electrically powered mass production based on the division of labor in the 1870s. The third one started in the early 1970s and has since continued to the present, which involved the employment of electronics and information technology (IT) in order to achieve increased automation of manufacturing processes. The machines have since then taken over most of the manual labor and some of the brainwork (Kagermann, Helbig, Hellinger & Wahlster, 2013). Thus, whereas up until and including the second industrial revolution the production was labor intensive, with the third industrial revolution a shift has begun toward capital-intensive production. When we look at the previous industrial revolutions, the commonality among them is that they have been ignited by technology improvements that have appeared through mechanization, electricity and IT.

Nowadays, what is capturing the industrial world is the advancement of the fourth industrial revolution, or Industry 4.0. The term was first used in Germany at the Hannover Fair in 2011 (Vogel-Heuser & Hess, 2016). In North America, similar ideas are gathered around the term “Industrial Internet”, which is used...

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