Edited By Sevinc Gülseçen, Zerrin Ayvaz Reis, Murat Gezer and Çiğdem Erol
Nowadays, an end-to-end industrial transformation called Industry 4.0 sets new goals for manufacturing and impacts on business outcomes. With some of its characteristic elements such as IoT (Internet of Things), digital twin simulation models, advanced robots, big data analytics, and virtual/augmented reality, Industry 4.0 is «de facto» going further. The book aims to provide relevant theoretical frameworks and the latest empirical research findings in the area of Management Information Systems (MIS) with the scope of Industry 4.0. The strategic role of Industry 4.0 in the distributed business environment and the necessity to protect and properly utilize its key elements at different levels of organizations as well as in society are discussed.
How a Workforce for Industry 4.0 Era? Labor 4.0 (Türksel Kaya Bensghir / Ufuk Türen / Yücel Yılmaz)
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Türksel Kaya Bensghir*, Ufuk Türen and Yücel Yılmaz
How a Workforce for Industry 4.0 Era? Labor 4.0
Throughout history, mankind has experienced four main revolutions; one regarding agriculture and the other three regarding manufacturing industry. Revolution is defined as rapid radical change, renovation or restructuring of institutions which have significant impact on societies or fundamental change in a certain domain (Kuhn, 1996: 1–19).
Agricultural revolution, which is thought to be actualized in 10,000 BC and symbolize the transformation from hunting and gathering way of living to a settled one, is characterized as the era in which mankind has developed systems on agriculture and raising livestock and the concept of capital accumulation has emerged (Eğilmez, 2017). It is accepted that this era continued until the first industrial revolution (1760–1840) (Industry 1.0). Although some basic technical tools have been used in agriculture, livestock raising and manufacturing, such as weaving looms, the origin of the energy exerted in any kind of manufacturing system has remained as human or animal power in the period between the agricultural and the first industrial revolution.
In the 18th century, in line with the steam power being invented and supplying the required energy for manufacturing systems and transportation, unprecedentedly huge power generating machines and railways carrying raw materials and goods to unbelievably remote places have been put into use. Second industry revolution (Industry 2.0)...
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