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Industry 4.0 from the MIS Perspective

Edited By Sevinc Gülseçen, Zerrin Ayvaz Reis, Murat Gezer and Çiğdem Erol

Nowadays, an end-to-end industrial transformation called Industry 4.0 sets new goals for manufacturing and impacts on business outcomes. With some of its characteristic elements such as IoT (Internet of Things), digital twin simulation models, advanced robots, big data analytics, and virtual/augmented reality, Industry 4.0 is «de facto» going further. The book aims to provide relevant theoretical frameworks and the latest empirical research findings in the area of Management Information Systems (MIS) with the scope of Industry 4.0. The strategic role of Industry 4.0 in the distributed business environment and the necessity to protect and properly utilize its key elements at different levels of organizations as well as in society are discussed.

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The Technical Challenges of Cloud Computing as a Leading Trend in Business (Ahmet Cihat Baktir / Bilgin Metin)

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Ahmet Cihat Baktir* and Bilgin Metin

The Technical Challenges of Cloud Computing as a Leading Trend in Business

1.  Introduction

Cloud computing is an Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) paradigm which is a leading trend in the business and economic sector, and plays a vital role in the modern business transformation. Actually, this highly capable technology is not a new concept; it has a connection to the grid computing paradigm and other relevant technologies such as utility computing, cluster computing and distributed systems (Foster, Zhao, Raicu & Lu, 2008). Although it has several definitions in the literature, one of the most popular definitions of cloud computing that is made by the NIST explains cloud computing as “a model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal effort or service provider interaction” (Mell & Grance, 2009). This definition includes the most important characteristics and features of the cloud architecture. In addition to these promising infrastructural notions, by using cloud-based system, consumers will be able to access applications and data on demand wherever the consumer is (Buyya, Yeo & Venugopal, 2008).

With the enhancement of the quality of the global Internet connection and trend toward outsourcing the information technology (IT) operations, cloud computing becomes as an essential component of the processes within the organizations. It provides countless...

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