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Interactive Practices on Educational Radio

From Australia to Turkey

Fırat Tufan

The main objective of this book is to propose a new interactive educational radio model for Turkey. Thus, six educational, community and university-based radio stations in Australia were researched. In terms of representing the entire country and all educational radio broadcasting practices, samples were selected from different structures and cities of Australia. After obtaining required data in the participant observation process, in-depth interviews with radio representatives were carried out. It was questioned, what the basic factors of effective educational radio stations are, how today's broadcasting technologies affect the relationship between radio and its audience and how interpersonal communication process reflects new radio broadcasting practices.

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5 Educational radio in Turkey

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5 Educational radio in Turkey

Turkey’s first educational radio was established in 1962 by the Istanbul National Education Organization in order to assist primary, secondary, and high school students in their education. The project was designed and set up by the students of the radio department of the institute. The radio, which is at service throughout the country, broadcasted complementary educational contents for three days a week at first. The radio was run by an advisory committee affiliated with the Ministry of National Education, and full-time teachers specialized in each discipline were also involved in the radio (Hürriyet, 1962). It is possible to come across educational radio shows in Turkey long before an educational radio project in itself. Formal educational models for rural citizens, farmers, housewives, and school-age children have been tested many times via radio. Aziz emphasized that all these initiatives could not achieve a satisfactory success in the educational sense, while drawing attention to the importance of them (Aziz, 1977, 2007).

In order to support foreign language textbooks used in formal education in the 1970s, the Ministry of National Education designed shows titled ‘Radio with English/French/German’ and these contents were aired by Ankara Radio. In the 1980s, the Ministry of National Education collaborated with the Film Radio Television Education Center and the Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (TRT) to develop TV School/TV Class Projects. As a part of this project, many curriculum, including foreign language teaching, had been developed and conducted for high...

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