Edited By Radka Havlová
The volume discusses the recent developments in selected countries of the Middle East and North Africa. Theoretical chapter presents the internal and external factors influencing the development and democratization processes. Based on these factors the authors analyze in depth the recent development in Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Libya, Palestine, Syria, Turkey and Yemen. The authors demonstrate that the recent development in these countries varied significantly, mostly due to the difference of the historical, political, economic, security or religious conditions in the relevant countries.
Conclusion (Radka Havlová)
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The so-called Arab Spring has been widely discussed in recent years (see for example Inbar, 2013; Danahar, 2013; Altomonte & Ferrara, 2014; Yusuf, 2014). As pointed out in the introduction of this volume there are numerous problems related to the analysis of “crises and democratization of the MENA region,” ranging from the lack of a universally acknowledged definition of democratization to the fact that the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is defined differently by various authors. However, the authors neither wish to provide the reader with a comprehensive theoretical analysis of the MENA region nor with the theoretical analysis of the process of democratization. This volume is intended to demonstrate that the outcomes of the Arab Spring in the individual countries varied significantly, mostly due to the difference of the historical, political, economic, security or religious conditions in the relevant countries.
The introductory theoretical chapter clearly defined the factors which the authors consider fundamental for the analysis of the democratization processes in the case studies, even though the extent of the influence of the individual factors in the various states has fluctuated substantially. The authors see a set of common features of democratization that have an impact on the process of transition to democracy in the MENA region. These include non-institutional factors such as economic indicators, the role of civil society and media, and the role of religion and extremism; further aspects of each country’s...
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