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A Reflection of Man and Culture in Language and Literature

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Edited By Mária Matiová and Martin Navrátil

This book consists of scientific chapters devoted to innovative approaches to examination of anthropocentrism. It depicts human beings as physical, spiritual, social and cultural creatures perceived through the lingual and literary lens. The publication has an intercultural foundation, as it examines Slovak, Russian, German, English and Romanian languages.

The authors of the book discuss issues which transcend the boundaries of philological research. They apply knowledge from various fields, such as psychology, communication theory, aesthetics, mass media and other social sciences in order to obtain relevant scientific results. The authors present critical analyses and interpretations of contemporary theoretical and practical problems occurring in the selected areas of expertise, and outline the perspective research possibilities.

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Introduction

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The monograph is divided into two parts which deal with linguistic (didactics of foreign languages included) and literary research, respectively. The thematic diversity of the papers demonstrates the multifariousness of basic as well as applied philological research. The publication has been co-created by a group of PhD students and research fellows who work in the field of Slovak, Russian, Romanian, German and English language and literature, and this fact highlights its intercultural dimension.

The section containing papers centred on linguistic research opens with a chapter on the relation between language, thought and culture. The outlined research area represents one of the key research approaches in contemporary linguistics. A shift at the turn of the 21st century meant that philological studies on language started to focus not only on particular levels of language or functions of linguistic means within discourse but also on the person involved in communication. Several interdisciplinary approaches came into existence at this point, all of which were connected, despite their obvious differences, by their interest in the relation between human beings and language.

At present, the cognitive approach to language stands in the foreground. It is discussed in the chapter which deals with the problem of precedent phenomena as reflected in associations hidden in our subconscious. The chapter analyses cultural-social linguistic stereotypes related to precedent phenomena in various cultural contexts by utilizing the psycholinguistic method of the associative experiment.

Similarly, precedent phenomena are examined in the chapter accentuating research of precedent...

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