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A Reflection of Man and Culture in Language and Literature

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Edited By Mária Matiová and Martin Navrátil

This book consists of scientific chapters devoted to innovative approaches to examination of anthropocentrism. It depicts human beings as physical, spiritual, social and cultural creatures perceived through the lingual and literary lens. The publication has an intercultural foundation, as it examines Slovak, Russian, German, English and Romanian languages.

The authors of the book discuss issues which transcend the boundaries of philological research. They apply knowledge from various fields, such as psychology, communication theory, aesthetics, mass media and other social sciences in order to obtain relevant scientific results. The authors present critical analyses and interpretations of contemporary theoretical and practical problems occurring in the selected areas of expertise, and outline the perspective research possibilities.

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The Lyric Subject in Contemporary Poetry

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Lucia Biznárová

“The poet does not crave comprehension. Nor does poetry demand it of its readers.” This is what Miko (1988, p. 6) claims in his book on the interpretation of poetry in which he elaborates on an understanding of poetry as a unique act of communication between the poet and the reader. The uniqueness of in the case of poetry lies in the use of typical expressive means and stylistic devices of the poetic language. The use of language in poetry is in fact so specific that it could lead us to understand poetry in the way Milčák does – as “mystifying, inaccessible, and defying communication” (2010, p. 6). According to Miko, the reader’s role in literary communication lies in trying to “hear out and understand the work, […] to get to the bottom of it” (1988, p. 99). If one seeks to uncover the hidden meaning of a poem, it is necessary to look into how the text addresses its reader. Thus, it is necessary to look for the meaning along the semiotic “path” of the reader’s reception. Yet, poetry does not make the quest for meaning easy for the reader. Quite on the contrary, it could be argued that its implicit language resists all simplification and establishes the mystery of poetry which is only approachable through an uneasy dialogue. The words comprising a poem are a labyrinth of meanings, one that could puzzle even the most experienced and seasoned of its readers.

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