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A Reflection of Man and Culture in Language and Literature

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Edited By Mária Matiová and Martin Navrátil

This book consists of scientific chapters devoted to innovative approaches to examination of anthropocentrism. It depicts human beings as physical, spiritual, social and cultural creatures perceived through the lingual and literary lens. The publication has an intercultural foundation, as it examines Slovak, Russian, German, English and Romanian languages.

The authors of the book discuss issues which transcend the boundaries of philological research. They apply knowledge from various fields, such as psychology, communication theory, aesthetics, mass media and other social sciences in order to obtain relevant scientific results. The authors present critical analyses and interpretations of contemporary theoretical and practical problems occurring in the selected areas of expertise, and outline the perspective research possibilities.

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The Aesthetic Event and the Act of Interpretation11This text was created as a part of the project: UGA I-16-216-02 – Theory of the aesthetic event.

Extract

Peter Žiak

The theory of events ranks among the essential issues of contemporary continental philosophy and overlaps with the theory of creation and reception of a work of art. We presume that the term event, as denominated in contemporary philosophical concepts, can take a foundation point from the theory of interpretation of a literary work and the theory of aesthetic experience in general. The term ‘event’ has already featured in the concepts of several authors (some of them will be dealt with in this text), but the complementarity of contemporary philosophy and theory of interpretation is, in our opinion, not emphasized sufficiently. Therefore, it is desirable to start dealing with the topic at hand by placing the term ‘event’ in the appropriate philosophical context.

Philosophical thought of the second half of the 20th century attempts to tackle reality in a way differing in many aspects from traditional metaphysics, which embraced reality by means of general categories, thus subordinating the individual and singular to the general and abstract. But contemporary philosophy attempts to think of the unique in such a way that its creative potential would not be neutralized in favour of abstract principles. Consequently, the relation of the universal and the singular is problematic. Refusal to neutralize or to disclaim the unique (singularity, event, meeting) means an adaptation of thinking to this unique experience; the unique is experience with the new – the radically different. When the event (meeting with the singular) takes place, a paradox occurs,...

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