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On the Verge Between Language and Translation

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Edited By Marcin Walczynski, Piotr Czajka and Michał Szawerna

This book explores a range of topics situated in the overlapping areas of theoretical linguistics, applied linguistics and translation studies. The first part of the book comprises five original contributions on topics ranging from general linguistics to applied linguistics while the second part comprises eleven original contributions exploring selected aspects of theoretical, descriptive and applied translation studies.

This book also initiates the publishing activity of the Department of Translation Studies, established at the Institute of English Studies, University of Wrocław, Poland.

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The Images of Scotsmen and Englishmen: Prototypes and Stereotypes in Jokes and Anecdotes

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Abstract: This paper presents my analysis of selected jokes and anecdotes from the Internet and book sources in terms of prototypes and stereotypes of Scotsmen and Englishmen. In my view, these two notions, i.e. prototype and stereotype, are not mutually exclusive. The chapter shows that prototype and stereotype might be compatible notions. Specifically, I focus on what kind of stereotype is shown in a joke, what a prototypical Englishman and Scotsman is, what the ICM of Scots and Englishmen is like, and what kind of mutual perception of Scotsmen and Englishmen emerges from these jokes. The conclusion summarizes the analysis of jokes and anecdotes presented in this paper; it reveals stereotypical construals of Scotsmen and Englishmen, which are depicted in selected jokes and anecdotes.

Keywords: Prototypes, Stereotypes, humour, jokes, Cognitive Linguistics

1 Introduction

This paper presents my analysis of selected jokes and anecdotes from the Internet and book sources in terms of prototypes and stereotypes of Scotsmen and Englishmen. These two notions, i.e. prototype and stereotype do not exclude each other because, in my view, prototype and stereotype might be compatible notions. Specifically, I will focus on what kind of stereotype is shown in a joke, what a prototypical Englishman and Scotsman are, what the ICMs of Scots and Englishmen are like, and what kind of mutual perception of Scotsmen and Englishmen emerges from these jokes. In order to understand a certain stereotype better, short information about the cultural background of Scotland...

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