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Living by the Golden Rule: Mentor – Scholar – World Citizen

A Festschrift for Wolfgang Mieder’s 75th Birthday

Edited By Andreas Nolte and Dennis Mahoney

This Festschrift for Wolfgang Mieder, preeminent paremiologist and folklorist, combines personal tributes and scholarly papers by colleagues, friends, and former students – presented in three categories that address his roles as a mentor, scholar, and world citizen over many decades.

The central scholarly section likewise consists of three parts. The papers dealing with proverbs examine them as patterns, stereotypes, rhetorical devices, media for self-enchantment, and means of allusion in works by Tolstoy, Solzhenitsyn, Chukovskaya, and Kempowski. A second group deals with fairy-tale motifs in literary works by Lehmann, Rabinowich, and Hummel. A third section includes topics ranging from James Bond to Stephen King, from runaway slaves to the Holocaust, and literature as cultural ecology.

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Wilhelm Lehmann’s Cardenio und Celinde


A Preliminary Study? Or a Modern Märchen?

Abstract: Cardenio und Celinde, Lehmann’s first literary work to be published, reflects his work on a school edition of two fairy tales by the Scottish writer George MacDonald and is, accordingly, a modern fairy tale that essentially contains all the ingredients of Lehmann’s subsequent work.

When Wilhelm Lehmann’s first published story, Cardenio und Celinde, appeared in the literary magazine Pan in August 1912, the author saw it as a “Vorstudie,” a preliminary study, as the short heading reveals.1 What exactly he meant by this modest statement is not entirely clear. A study for what? For a longer work? Was it merely a sketch? Or was it simply the expression of a young writer who was unsure of himself, someone excusing himself for presuming to offer such a trifling piece? The following examination of the story in the context of Lehmann’s life and subsequent work reveals that it is no mere first attempt of an insecure young writer but is a remarkably mature tale anticipating the later achievements of one of the major founders of twentieth-century German “Naturmagie.” At the same time Lehmann was writing Cardenio und Celinde, he was attempting to publish a school edition of two fairy tales, The Golden Key and Crosspurposes by the Scottish writer George MacDonald.2 Could the German Anglophile writer Lehmann have been in some way inspired or influenced by a Scot who was well-known for his fantasy literature and his...

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