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Islamisches Recht in Wissenschaft und Praxis

Edited By Hatem Elliesie, Beate Anam and Thoralf Hanstein

Den 65. Geburtstag von Hans-Georg Ebert, seit 1998 Professor für Islamisches Recht an der Universität Leipzig, haben nationale und internationale Fachkolleg*innen und Schüler*innen zum Anlass genommen, um in ihren Beiträgen Themen aufzugreifen, die auch der Jubilar in seinem bisherigen Berufsleben auf dem weiten Feld der Forschung zum Islamischen Recht und Recht der arabischen Länder bearbeitet hat. Der Kontext dieses Bandes erstreckt sich somit über das klassische sowie auch das modern geprägte islamische Recht, die islamische Normativität, das islamische Finanzwesen und den Komplex Recht und Sprache.

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Sex against Property: the Conceptualization of Marriage by Premodern Islamic Jurists (Rudolph Peters)

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Rudolph Peters*

Sex against Property: the Conceptualization

of Marriage by Premodern Islamic Jurists

Marriage is the exchange of sex for goods.1

The husband is entitled to forbid his wife to eat food like garlic but she cannot forbid her husband to do so, even if she herself has not eaten it; the difference is because ‘Men are in charge of women […]’ (Sura 4:34)2

Introduction

Most Western countries, nowadays, have laws, based on the principle of legal equality of men and women. This is the result of a social and political struggle that lasted for more than a century. Although this principle has now been recognized by most states in the fields of social, economic and political relations, this is not the case regarding family law. Many countries, among them most Muslim ones, have signed and ratified international human rights conventions such as the Convention for the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW, 1979) but have declared to have reservations to gender equality in the field of family law.3 Here the religious and cultural beliefs and views, rooted in history, prevail over this principle. In this essay I will analyze the legal archeology of the juridical doctrines opposed to gender legal equality in Islamic law. I’ll do so by focusing on the writings of premodern Sunnite scholars, regarding the logical reasonings, conceptualizations and analogies pertaining the marriage contract and its dissolution. These reflect...

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