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World War II Re-explored

Some New Millenium Studies in the History of the Global Conflict

Edited By Jarosław Suchoples, Stephanie James and Barbara Törnquist-Plewa

This volume is a collection of thirty papers written by authors from around the world. The writers focus on topics related to their own research interests. As a result, readers obtain a worldwide perspective on World War II from academics working on nearly every continent, proving that World War II was, probably, the first ever truly global experience for humanity. Present are many and different perspectives on the war. Eighty years after the end of World War II, these academics share their knowledge and reflections about a gruesome, but still not very remote time. In the new millennium, their studies should remind readers that the ‘end of history’ has been an impossible illusion and warn that peace and stability in international relations are not a given.

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Italian-Japanese Relations during the Crisis of Fascist Italy, 1943–1945

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Abstract: The alliance between Italy and Japan, during World War II, is far from being considered a relevant topic and generally speaking, the history of the war often neglects to consider the third party in the Tripartite Alliance. This changed in the last decades with the development of a global perspective in the study of the Second World War. However, the relations between Italy and Japan are still a scarce presence in the current historiography. This article examines the reactions of the Japanese government and armed forces to the surrender of Italy on 8 September 1943 and the subsequent attempts of the collaborationist government of the Repubblica Sociale Italiana to rebuild the diplomatic and political ties with Japan. The contribution starts with the spread of the myth of Mussolini in Japan and the first signs of military and economic cooperation between Italy and Japan, as well as the contacts between the 2 countries within the Tripartite Pact. Furthermore, the article considers the point of view of Japanese observers in Italy concerning Fascism and the country in general, with the aim of constructing the ground work to build up further research on the contacts and relations between the two ‘minor’ members of the Tripartite Pact.

Keywords: Japan, Italy, Tripartite Pact, Asia, Armistice

Introduction

If one should briefly define the image of Benito Mussolini in Japan, before and partially during World War II, the title of the famous pop song ‘Big in Japan,’...

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