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World War II Re-explored

Some New Millenium Studies in the History of the Global Conflict

Edited By Jarosław Suchoples, Stephanie James and Barbara Törnquist-Plewa

This volume is a collection of thirty papers written by authors from around the world. The writers focus on topics related to their own research interests. As a result, readers obtain a worldwide perspective on World War II from academics working on nearly every continent, proving that World War II was, probably, the first ever truly global experience for humanity. Present are many and different perspectives on the war. Eighty years after the end of World War II, these academics share their knowledge and reflections about a gruesome, but still not very remote time. In the new millennium, their studies should remind readers that the ‘end of history’ has been an impossible illusion and warn that peace and stability in international relations are not a given.

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Memories of the War-Time Nationalist Movement during the Orange Revolution (2004) and the Euromaidan (2014): Similarities, Differences, and Purposes of the Use of the Past in the Turbulent Times of the Present

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Abstract: This chapter analyses how the memory of the war-time nationalist movement represented by the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) and its military arm the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA) was used in the Ukraine during the most turbulent moments of its recent history, the Orange Revolution in 2004 and the Euromaidan in 2013/2014. It shows how in 2004 the memory of the OUN and UPA was used with propaganda intent in the election campaign which resulted in fraud, and consequently led to mass protests. During the Euromaidan, the memory of these organizations was used primarily as a symbol of radicalism and revolution. Furthermore, it is argued that constant insecurity about the end of the ‘struggle for independence,’ i.e. fear that independence can be lost again, strengthened adherence to the heroic memory of OUN and UPA for both the political right and the political center. In this way, the heroic memory of the OUN and UPA presented a means to existential security. In this usage, this memory is full of ‘factual’ drawbacks as it neglects, ignores, and circumvents historical evidence about the atrocities committed by the OUN and UPA.

Keywords: memory, Ukraine, Orange Revolution, Euromaidan, Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists

When, at the end of 2013, Ukraine was shaken by mass protests against the government’s decision to move away from signing the Association Agreement with the EU, much attention was devoted to the Ukrainian past. In the spring of 2014 at the beginning of the...

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