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Environment and Sustainability

Edited By Celil Aydin and Burak Darici

The fact that environmental issues, which cause a significant externality within global goods, have gained a global dimension, necessitated more concrete steps for challenging with environmental issues. At this point, efforts to reduce environmental issues and protect the environment have been on the axis of sustainability. This book contains theoretical and empirical researches written by academicians and researches in the field of environment and sustainability. In the contributions, the macro dimensions of environmental pollution such as economic growth, health sector and technological development are examined. In addition to these, the contributors deal with micro dimensions such as consumption, marketing, accounting and firm behavior both in theory and empirically.

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Impacts of Technological Developments on the Environment and Agriculture

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Introduction

The agricultural sector is intertwined with the nature. Natural factors affect productivity directly. As a result, environmental pollution and changes in compositions of natural resources such as soil and water that are highly important for agriculture affect the quality and amount of agricultural products negatively. As animal production and herbal production constitute an organic whole, the most important protein or food sources of humans are directly or indirectly affected by environmental pollution. As the economic development rate increases, the damage of countries on the environment increases as well (Karaer and Gürlük 2003).

Presence of a balanced correlation between agriculture and environment is explained with the “sustainable agriculture” concept. Sustainable agriculture requires management of natural resources in a way that they will be useful in the future. There must be a balance between using land and natural resources in a useful manner and environmental protection.

Agricultural activities that have been carried out for hundreds of years are the main way of life for a vast majority of the world. In years, agricultural activities have gradually developed and become more efficient. Furthermore, new research and technological advancements reveal negative impacts of agriculture on the environment.

Although agriculture is in a complicated relationship with natural resources and the environment, it is hard to say that certain environmental impacts are caused by agriculture and this has not been completely understood yet. Agriculture is the main user of land and water sources...

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