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Environment and Sustainability

Edited By Celil Aydin and Burak Darici

The fact that environmental issues, which cause a significant externality within global goods, have gained a global dimension, necessitated more concrete steps for challenging with environmental issues. At this point, efforts to reduce environmental issues and protect the environment have been on the axis of sustainability. This book contains theoretical and empirical researches written by academicians and researches in the field of environment and sustainability. In the contributions, the macro dimensions of environmental pollution such as economic growth, health sector and technological development are examined. In addition to these, the contributors deal with micro dimensions such as consumption, marketing, accounting and firm behavior both in theory and empirically.

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Evolution of Environmental Reporting: The Example of Turkey

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Introduction

Rapid population growth, unplanned urbanization and industrialization, unlimited use of science and technology to enhance life standards of humanity, natural disasters, rapid globalization etc. cause a series of environmental problems such as air, water, soil, noise and visual pollution etc. (Haftacı and Soylu, 2008: 93, Çalış, 2013: 175). Environmental awareness and environmental protection have increased since the 1960s in order to reduce and prevent environmental problems. All national and international institutions and organizations have started to act in an environmentally conscious manner and take environmental factors into account during decision making processes. Social pressures, consumer demands, various environmental organizations and legal regulations have also caused businesses to take action about the environment in the national and international arenas (Haftacı and Soylu, 2008: 93, Türk and Erciş, 2017: 353). Today, societies fiercely object to the fact that businesses carry out their activities by imposing social, environmental and economic costs on the society in order to maximize their own interests (Aktekin, 2014: 6).

Businesses take precautions in order to minimize damages they have caused or might cause on the environment in line with their responsibilities (Çalış, 2013: 175). Awareness raising activities have revealed that precautions taken against environmental damages must be shown in economic values. Considered to be a free good, the environment has started to be regarded as a commodity and businesses affected by environmental developments have started to take environmental factors into account during decision making processes. One of the objectives of...

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