Planning, Design, Applications
Edited By Murat Özyavuz
One of the main objectives of planning and design is the reflection of the works to the space. Therefore, the starting point of this book is to reveal the research conducted by different professions in the field of spatial planning and design. For this purpose, original researches on direct application and land were included. Planning and design studies need co-operation between professions in order to fulfill this philosophy. These activities are effective means of fulfilling the philosophy of sustainability. Planning and design is a tool to tell the story of a community, and how it’s past, present and future work together for a sustainable tomorrow. The design process in which the most appropriate spatial compositions are revealed by shaping the areas in the direction of planning decisions, develops in the continuation of the planning process. This book is for landscape architects and other planning and design professions. Theoretical foundations, theories, methods, and applications will be essential parts of this reference book. In addition, this book addresses several very different subjects of study; landscape management, biodiversity, landscape restoration, landscape design, urban design, urban planning and architectural design related to theory, practice and the results will be covered.
4 Smart Cities and Their Criticism from the Perspective of Landscape Architecture
Abstract: Many planning approaches have appeared in order to minimize the negative effects of urbanization on nature and people, eliminate population and urbanization pressure, and create more efficient, livable cities. Some of them are green city, eco city, livable city, extended urbanism, digital city, smart city, and so on. According to the International Organization for Standardization, smart cities are a new concept and a new model, which applies the new generation of information technologies, such as the Internet of Things, cloud computing, Big Data, and space/geographical information integration, to facilitate the planning, construction, management and smart services of cities (ISO, 2014). The developments in especially the information technology in the last two decades have brought to mind the possibility of using technology in solving the problems that are seen especially in existing cities. Among the concepts listed above, “Smart city” is a relatively recent one. While it still lacks a certain definition, it is considered within the scope of different urban development scenarios, and it mainly aims at meeting the requirements of cities through solutions integrated with technology. However, cities naturally involve a continuous change and transformation. If this change and transformation are not managed in a controlled manner within the framework of some basic principles, it can result in unqualified and ordinary environments that have lost their original values. In conclusion, integrating the features of all concepts would be a more solution-based and befitting approach for a landscape architect, rather than handling the cities, which are different...
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