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New Approaches to Spatial Planning and Design

Planning, Design, Applications

Edited By Murat Özyavuz

One of the main objectives of planning and design is the reflection of the works to the space. Therefore, the starting point of this book is to reveal the research conducted by different professions in the field of spatial planning and design. For this purpose, original researches on direct application and land were included. Planning and design studies need co-operation between professions in order to fulfill this philosophy. These activities are effective means of fulfilling the philosophy of sustainability. Planning and design is a tool to tell the story of a community, and how it’s past, present and future work together for a sustainable tomorrow. The design process in which the most appropriate spatial compositions are revealed by shaping the areas in the direction of planning decisions, develops in the continuation of the planning process. This book is for landscape architects and other planning and design professions. Theoretical foundations, theories, methods, and applications will be essential parts of this reference book. In addition, this book addresses several very different subjects of study; landscape management, biodiversity, landscape restoration, landscape design, urban design, urban planning and architectural design related to theory, practice and the results will be covered.

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9 Visual Landscape Assessment in Güzelcehisar Village-Bartin (Western Black Sea Region of Turkey)

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Abstract: Coastal areas are sensitive landscapes due to their cultural values and unique ecological characteristics. Güzelcehisar, a rural settlement along the Black Sea coast, which is part of the central district of the Bartın province has 80-million-year-old unique geomorphological formations known as “Lava Columns” along its coastline due to its volcanic structure. The diameters of these Lava Columns vary between 50–100 cm and their heights exceed 30 meters. The Lava Columns at Giant’s Causeway and Causeway Coast World Heritage Site in Northern Ireland and Fingal’s Cave in Scotland and Devils Postpile National Monument in California, USA, are international centers of tourism in the world. The Lava Columns at Güzelcehisar in Turkey are among the rare natural formations with national and international tourism potential. A total of six different visual landscape areas were defined as coastal, archaeologic, forest, agricultural, rural and lava columns. A total of nine parameters were selected as visual quality parameters, which are naturalness, coherence, upkeep, clarity, vista characteristic, diversity, complexity, landform and safety. Visual landscape assessment was carried out with 35 experts. A total of 48 photos from Güzelcehisar Village were used in the survey with 8 for each of the six visual landscape areas. The experts carried out assessments according to the visual quality parameters for each visual landscape area. SPSS 16.0 software was used for survey assessment. The relationships between the parameters used for evaluating the visual landscape area were put forth via Spearman correlation analysis. As a...

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