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New Approaches to Spatial Planning and Design

Planning, Design, Applications

Edited By Murat Özyavuz

One of the main objectives of planning and design is the reflection of the works to the space. Therefore, the starting point of this book is to reveal the research conducted by different professions in the field of spatial planning and design. For this purpose, original researches on direct application and land were included. Planning and design studies need co-operation between professions in order to fulfill this philosophy. These activities are effective means of fulfilling the philosophy of sustainability. Planning and design is a tool to tell the story of a community, and how it’s past, present and future work together for a sustainable tomorrow. The design process in which the most appropriate spatial compositions are revealed by shaping the areas in the direction of planning decisions, develops in the continuation of the planning process. This book is for landscape architects and other planning and design professions. Theoretical foundations, theories, methods, and applications will be essential parts of this reference book. In addition, this book addresses several very different subjects of study; landscape management, biodiversity, landscape restoration, landscape design, urban design, urban planning and architectural design related to theory, practice and the results will be covered.

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11 Designing Out Damp: Exploring Basic Design Principles to Control Excessive Moisture in Buildings

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Abstract: Moisture can enter buildings through many ways. It is a threat to buildings and the health of occupants. It can ultimately damage the structure and its associated materials. Occupants of damp buildings are at increased risks of experiencing health problems like respiratory disorders, allergic rhinitis and asthma. The first measure to be taken to prevent any moisture-related problems that may occur during a building’s lifespan is related to design decisions. In this context “Designing out Damp” refers to architectural design decisions that are explored to deal with moisture problems in buildings. Moisture and its related activities in buildings have been reviewed, and basic design principles to control moisture in buildings have further been identified in this chapter. The basic design principles explained should help designers in designing out damp during the design stage of buildings.

Keywords: Designing out damp, Dampness, Moisture in buildings, Moisture control, Rising damp

1 Introduction

Buildings are constantly evolving as a result of the changes around them. The demands placed on a building or an element of its construction by users relates to its location and siting, climatic and environmental conditions, the manner in which it is used, current and past levels of damage, deterioration and decay, etc. [1]. Oftentimes, these changes involve water which leads to a fast deterioration of the structure, properties and the health of occupants. Processes such as condensation and capillarity all affect buildings negatively. Research has shown that of all the defects...

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