Planning, Design, Applications
Edited By Murat Özyavuz
One of the main objectives of planning and design is the reflection of the works to the space. Therefore, the starting point of this book is to reveal the research conducted by different professions in the field of spatial planning and design. For this purpose, original researches on direct application and land were included. Planning and design studies need co-operation between professions in order to fulfill this philosophy. These activities are effective means of fulfilling the philosophy of sustainability. Planning and design is a tool to tell the story of a community, and how it’s past, present and future work together for a sustainable tomorrow. The design process in which the most appropriate spatial compositions are revealed by shaping the areas in the direction of planning decisions, develops in the continuation of the planning process. This book is for landscape architects and other planning and design professions. Theoretical foundations, theories, methods, and applications will be essential parts of this reference book. In addition, this book addresses several very different subjects of study; landscape management, biodiversity, landscape restoration, landscape design, urban design, urban planning and architectural design related to theory, practice and the results will be covered.
14 Sustainability of the Urban Landscape: An Investigation of the Effects of Ecology on Urban Parks within the Scope of Integrated Landscape Approach
Abstract: The changing living conditions, conservation of natural resource assets, increasing population and deteriorating environmental conditions in order to adapt to landscape design/projects, come up with the concepts contained in it. In this context, sustainability and ecological planning/design policies play a very important role in 21st century landscape designs. In landscape projects, sustainability, and ecology philosophy are a driving force for many innovative approaches in the field of design and planning, so landscape architects take into account ecological design and planning criteria considering the principles of sustainability in their projects. The landscaping projects that try to reveal the solutions in a very wide area ranging from a small-scale garden to the city, from the city to the nature restoration, are based on the principles of sustainability and within the framework of the infrastructure of ecology, especially in urban scale. In this chapter, it has been studied that the sustainability of urban landscape has an integrated structure and the necessary studies for the analysis of this structure should be created and the ecological thought should be reflected in the projects. Within the scope of the study, the theoretical infrastructure was processed through urban park samples. Within the scope of ecological landscape design criteria, three urban park areas in the study were evaluated and suggestions were made on how to transfer ecological thought to landscape.
Keywords: Sustainability, Urban landscape, Ecology design, Integrated landscaping
1.1 The Sustainability of the Urban Landscape
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