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New Approaches to Spatial Planning and Design

Planning, Design, Applications

Edited By Murat Özyavuz

One of the main objectives of planning and design is the reflection of the works to the space. Therefore, the starting point of this book is to reveal the research conducted by different professions in the field of spatial planning and design. For this purpose, original researches on direct application and land were included. Planning and design studies need co-operation between professions in order to fulfill this philosophy. These activities are effective means of fulfilling the philosophy of sustainability. Planning and design is a tool to tell the story of a community, and how it’s past, present and future work together for a sustainable tomorrow. The design process in which the most appropriate spatial compositions are revealed by shaping the areas in the direction of planning decisions, develops in the continuation of the planning process. This book is for landscape architects and other planning and design professions. Theoretical foundations, theories, methods, and applications will be essential parts of this reference book. In addition, this book addresses several very different subjects of study; landscape management, biodiversity, landscape restoration, landscape design, urban design, urban planning and architectural design related to theory, practice and the results will be covered.

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15 Ecological Landscape Planning and Management: Approaches and Innovations

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Abstract: In recent years, natural resources have been negatively affected due to technological developments and human activities. As a result of this, serious environmental problems have emerged around the world. Because of these negative effects, deterioration has accelerated in landscape. Today, rational and sustainable planning, effective protection and management studies should be carried out in the landscape that is important with its unspoiled natural and cultural structure. In this study, first phases of conservation, planning and management activities in landscapes are disclosed. Importance of using computer technology and related tools in studies of landscape ecology are highlighted.

Keywords: Landscape, Landscape ecology, GIS, Landscape planning, Resource inventory

Introduction

While people live in landscapes of different types and sizes, they also benefit from landscapes for different purposes. Landscapes could be of different types and sizes, and performing various functions such as agricultural activity areas, production and conservation areas of natural resources, habitat and activity area for wildlife and biodiversity, recreational and touristic activity areas.

In recent years, natural resources have been damaged due to technological developments, human activities and natural disasters and the pressures on landscapes have increased. As a result of this climate change and serious environmental problems have emerged. As a result of this situation, change and deterioration are accelerated in landscapes. In this way, landscapes cannot perform their functions sufficiently. Today, the human population in the world is constantly increasing. People who live mostly in urban areas, are affected...

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