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New Approaches to Spatial Planning and Design

Planning, Design, Applications

Edited By Murat Özyavuz

One of the main objectives of planning and design is the reflection of the works to the space. Therefore, the starting point of this book is to reveal the research conducted by different professions in the field of spatial planning and design. For this purpose, original researches on direct application and land were included. Planning and design studies need co-operation between professions in order to fulfill this philosophy. These activities are effective means of fulfilling the philosophy of sustainability. Planning and design is a tool to tell the story of a community, and how it’s past, present and future work together for a sustainable tomorrow. The design process in which the most appropriate spatial compositions are revealed by shaping the areas in the direction of planning decisions, develops in the continuation of the planning process. This book is for landscape architects and other planning and design professions. Theoretical foundations, theories, methods, and applications will be essential parts of this reference book. In addition, this book addresses several very different subjects of study; landscape management, biodiversity, landscape restoration, landscape design, urban design, urban planning and architectural design related to theory, practice and the results will be covered.

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16 Integrating Ecosystem Services into Spatial Planning

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Abstract: Ecosystem services are an approach which was developed on the economic benefits of the natural capital. The use of an ecology-based term (ecosystem) together with economy may be acknowledged as a method to protect nature and natural resources in today’s world because ecosystem services refer to the benefits of an ecosystem and its economic contributions in the short, medium and long terms. Drawing up spatial plans which allow utilizing natural and cultural resources on the basis of conservation and use depending on the planning approaches based on ecosystem services is a quite important approach for the continuity of ecosystem services and to create sustainable spaces. Firstly, the fundamental concepts about ecosystem and the definitions of ecosystem are described in the study. Secondly, the definition and brief history, classification and functions of ecosystem services (ESs) are provided. Thirdly and finally, evaluations on the concept of spatial planning and on how to integrate ecosystem services into spatial planning studies are made and the results are presented.

Keywords: Ecosystem services (ESs), Spatial planning, Ecological-based planning, Ecosystem, Sustainability

1 Introduction

Also expressed as the rate of people living in urban places, “urbanization” is growing rapidly, with values reaching about 80 % in most European countries today, and urban areas are expanding more rapidly than the urban population (1,2). The urbanization movements which developed simultaneously with the Industrial Revolution changed the cities physically, socially, culturally and economically. The lifestyles, government structure, capital power, population increase,...

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