Planning, Design, Applications
Edited By Murat Özyavuz
One of the main objectives of planning and design is the reflection of the works to the space. Therefore, the starting point of this book is to reveal the research conducted by different professions in the field of spatial planning and design. For this purpose, original researches on direct application and land were included. Planning and design studies need co-operation between professions in order to fulfill this philosophy. These activities are effective means of fulfilling the philosophy of sustainability. Planning and design is a tool to tell the story of a community, and how it’s past, present and future work together for a sustainable tomorrow. The design process in which the most appropriate spatial compositions are revealed by shaping the areas in the direction of planning decisions, develops in the continuation of the planning process. This book is for landscape architects and other planning and design professions. Theoretical foundations, theories, methods, and applications will be essential parts of this reference book. In addition, this book addresses several very different subjects of study; landscape management, biodiversity, landscape restoration, landscape design, urban design, urban planning and architectural design related to theory, practice and the results will be covered.
18 Reconstructing the Cultural Identity: Transformation of Architecture-Transformation of City during the Tanzimat Era
Abstract: Eighteenth and 19th centuries are the period in which rapid transformations in a wide range of areas, namely, economic, social, military and architecture emerged mainly in the European states and a number of regions as well as the closest neighbor of Europe, the Ottoman State, in a relatively short span of time. With Tanzimat era that is entered with the edict that was heralded on 3 November 1839, novel and unfamiliar concepts such as Western, which was contemporary, new, modern and reform that never existed in traditional Ottoman life before gradually resonated in the Ottoman social and daily life and particularly in the central administration. In this context, cities as the centers of architectural production and application sites became the most salient tool to directly unite “Westernization” message in its most striking way with the society and to make it more visible in order to achieve the mission. Formed through architecture and coordinated retreatment of public domain, cities met an unprecedented process of transformation in which it was viable to instantly monitor the transitions taking place in all parts of the state. The urban reforms of Tanzimat era cities maintained their transformation within the context of modernity and modernization on economic, military and judicial levels. Structures such as government palaces, post offices, business centers, piers, apartments, schools and towers that were new concepts in the literature of Ottoman architecture integrated to the structural inventory of the specific period. In this study, Tanzimat era has been analyzed as...
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