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New Approaches to Spatial Planning and Design

Planning, Design, Applications

Edited By Murat Özyavuz

One of the main objectives of planning and design is the reflection of the works to the space. Therefore, the starting point of this book is to reveal the research conducted by different professions in the field of spatial planning and design. For this purpose, original researches on direct application and land were included. Planning and design studies need co-operation between professions in order to fulfill this philosophy. These activities are effective means of fulfilling the philosophy of sustainability. Planning and design is a tool to tell the story of a community, and how it’s past, present and future work together for a sustainable tomorrow. The design process in which the most appropriate spatial compositions are revealed by shaping the areas in the direction of planning decisions, develops in the continuation of the planning process. This book is for landscape architects and other planning and design professions. Theoretical foundations, theories, methods, and applications will be essential parts of this reference book. In addition, this book addresses several very different subjects of study; landscape management, biodiversity, landscape restoration, landscape design, urban design, urban planning and architectural design related to theory, practice and the results will be covered.

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26 Child-Friendly City Approaches

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Abstract: Urban and public open spaces are the places where the individuals come together and enter into social interaction. Accurate and sustainable design of urban space is a priority for creating a healthy environment for the individual. Increase in traffic in cities, the insecurity of outdoor spaces cause children to spend more time indoors. Studies have observed that the games played outdoors support children’s physical, spiritual and social development and creativity more than playing indoors. In this case, it is expected that the urban space meets the socialization environment for play which is the most basic need of the child and his self-recognition. In this sense, a number of improvements are being made in order to reuse the open spaces that are changing in terms of children’s use. In this chapter, the concepts and initiatives of a child-friendly city, which are created in order to make the city more livable for children, are mentioned.

Keywords: Child, Play, Child-friendly city, Playing areas, Child-friendly environment approaches

1 Introduction

Children need spaces where they can experience and reflect their original experiences. Urban spaces are an indispensable necessity for the physical and mental development of children, and hence it is very necessary to create healthy and lively urban spaces.

The physical environment in which a child interacts has great importance for socialization and development. Children interact with their environment differently than adults do, so the environment has a significant role on every child’s mental,...

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