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New Approaches to Spatial Planning and Design

Planning, Design, Applications

Edited By Murat Özyavuz

One of the main objectives of planning and design is the reflection of the works to the space. Therefore, the starting point of this book is to reveal the research conducted by different professions in the field of spatial planning and design. For this purpose, original researches on direct application and land were included. Planning and design studies need co-operation between professions in order to fulfill this philosophy. These activities are effective means of fulfilling the philosophy of sustainability. Planning and design is a tool to tell the story of a community, and how it’s past, present and future work together for a sustainable tomorrow. The design process in which the most appropriate spatial compositions are revealed by shaping the areas in the direction of planning decisions, develops in the continuation of the planning process. This book is for landscape architects and other planning and design professions. Theoretical foundations, theories, methods, and applications will be essential parts of this reference book. In addition, this book addresses several very different subjects of study; landscape management, biodiversity, landscape restoration, landscape design, urban design, urban planning and architectural design related to theory, practice and the results will be covered.

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34 The Effects of River on the Urban Development and Water Structures of Edirne

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Abstract: Rivers, as natural thresholds, have redirector role on urban planning and Edirne is one of the examples of these cities. Tunca and Meriç Rivers have been determinative in the process of urban formation of Edirne. In the connection to outer world, these rivers have either restrictive or binding roles. Hadrianopolis as located along the river side in ancient Rome, after dominated by Ottoman Empire as a castle city, locations like Gazi Mihal, Yıldırım and Sarayiçi are also along the river side as new settlement places. Rivers were the thresholds in the extension of Edirne in the Ottoman era. Edirne is a city rich in water, it is known that, political power has also contributed to build Beyazıt complex along the water side where patients get cured by sounds of water. Otherwise, villas which had been located on the riverside in the Ottoman era point out the water-city structure of Edirne in the Ottoman time period. Nowadays, although most of the architectural values gained by water have been lost, it can be documented that Edirne was a water-city.

Keywords: Historical settlement, Water structures, Edirne

Introduction

Water is one of the indispensable elements of human life such that it is the most important element for the human life’s continuity following air. Water also affects the life style of a human being. On the other hand, it’s one of the important input datas of architectural design and urban planning....

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