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New Approaches to Spatial Planning and Design

Planning, Design, Applications

Edited By Murat Özyavuz

One of the main objectives of planning and design is the reflection of the works to the space. Therefore, the starting point of this book is to reveal the research conducted by different professions in the field of spatial planning and design. For this purpose, original researches on direct application and land were included. Planning and design studies need co-operation between professions in order to fulfill this philosophy. These activities are effective means of fulfilling the philosophy of sustainability. Planning and design is a tool to tell the story of a community, and how it’s past, present and future work together for a sustainable tomorrow. The design process in which the most appropriate spatial compositions are revealed by shaping the areas in the direction of planning decisions, develops in the continuation of the planning process. This book is for landscape architects and other planning and design professions. Theoretical foundations, theories, methods, and applications will be essential parts of this reference book. In addition, this book addresses several very different subjects of study; landscape management, biodiversity, landscape restoration, landscape design, urban design, urban planning and architectural design related to theory, practice and the results will be covered.

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35 Innovations in Campus Planning: The case of Karabuk University

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Abstract: A myriad of ideas discussed in the design concept today will be influential in shaping the university campuses of the future. Next-age campuses will entail a variety of usages and forms within the framework of mission and visions. Nevertheless, such a radical transformation is at a slower pace than expected due to traditional approaches and unordered decisions. In this chapter, our experiences on campus planning will be elaborated specifically for Karabük University established in 2007.

Keywords: Campus planning, Urban planning, Campus architecture, Education building

1 Introduction

In the aftermath of the Industrial Revolution, the radical shifts witnessed in the Western world transformed all of the states and social institutes in the 20th century. One of the areas that experienced the increasing impact of this transformation was the university domain.

The university concept that progressed based on churches and monasteries during the Middle Ages climbed to a new rank in 1088 upon the establishment of Bologna University. Subsequently Paris, Salerno, Oxford, Cambridge and miscellaneous other universities followed lead [1]. In the architectural design of universities in 1264, “Oxford Merton College” was accepted as the base model [2]. Colleges were replicates of monastery settings due to their inner courts and rigid architectural style. College edifices served to meet students’ and lecturers’ needs via classrooms, studios, housing, dining and praying areas. It is attested that during those ages universities took up an area equal to the size of several wards within...

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