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New Approaches to Spatial Planning and Design

Planning, Design, Applications

Edited By Murat Özyavuz

One of the main objectives of planning and design is the reflection of the works to the space. Therefore, the starting point of this book is to reveal the research conducted by different professions in the field of spatial planning and design. For this purpose, original researches on direct application and land were included. Planning and design studies need co-operation between professions in order to fulfill this philosophy. These activities are effective means of fulfilling the philosophy of sustainability. Planning and design is a tool to tell the story of a community, and how it’s past, present and future work together for a sustainable tomorrow. The design process in which the most appropriate spatial compositions are revealed by shaping the areas in the direction of planning decisions, develops in the continuation of the planning process. This book is for landscape architects and other planning and design professions. Theoretical foundations, theories, methods, and applications will be essential parts of this reference book. In addition, this book addresses several very different subjects of study; landscape management, biodiversity, landscape restoration, landscape design, urban design, urban planning and architectural design related to theory, practice and the results will be covered.

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39 An Investigation of Indoor Air Quality in Old and New Campus Buildings: Harran University


Abstract: While most people spend 70–90 % of their time in indoor spaces (home, office, etc.), students spend a large part of their time in educational buildings. The quality of the air that is inhaled in indoor environments is determined based on the standards as it directly affects human health. As the quality decreases in indoor environments, it can cause chronic diseases such as asthma and bronchitis together with acute disorders such as weakness, difficulty in concentration and headache. Universities are research-based public institutions that serve as the pioneers for educational institutions. In this study, PM10, PM2.5, CO2, temperature and relative humidity measurements were made in an old-structured campus (Eyyübiye Campus—built in 1988) and a newly built campus (Osmanybey Campus—built in 2003— construction still continues), both of which belong to Harran University. It has been found that indoor air quality values (PM10, PM2.5, CO2) exceeded the standards in the formerly built Eyyübiye Campus when compared to the WHO and ARSHAE standards, and CO2 level in the Osmanbey campus exceeded the limits in the cafeteria between 11.00 and 15.00 because of lack of ventilation. It has been determined that the temperature was high in both campuses, and the relative humidity was within an acceptable range. The reason why indoor air quality levels were high at the Eyyübiye Campus can be that the buildings are prefabricated, are 30 years old, the ventilation is inadequate and the ceiling height is 2.5 m, which is very...

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