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New Approaches to Spatial Planning and Design

Planning, Design, Applications

Edited By Murat Özyavuz

One of the main objectives of planning and design is the reflection of the works to the space. Therefore, the starting point of this book is to reveal the research conducted by different professions in the field of spatial planning and design. For this purpose, original researches on direct application and land were included. Planning and design studies need co-operation between professions in order to fulfill this philosophy. These activities are effective means of fulfilling the philosophy of sustainability. Planning and design is a tool to tell the story of a community, and how it’s past, present and future work together for a sustainable tomorrow. The design process in which the most appropriate spatial compositions are revealed by shaping the areas in the direction of planning decisions, develops in the continuation of the planning process. This book is for landscape architects and other planning and design professions. Theoretical foundations, theories, methods, and applications will be essential parts of this reference book. In addition, this book addresses several very different subjects of study; landscape management, biodiversity, landscape restoration, landscape design, urban design, urban planning and architectural design related to theory, practice and the results will be covered.

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40 Determination of Visual Landscape Quality of Campus Areas: Tekirdağ Namik Kemal University Example


Abstract: In this study, a visual impact assessment study was carried out in the sample of Tekirdağ Namık Kemal University with the prediction that “Determination of the quality of the visual landscape in the physical locations of campus areas will be effective.” For this purpose, 11 photographs were evaluated visually using five-point Likert scale based on eight parameters by a group of 72 observers. The study was supported by surveys based on questionnaires, observations and related literature. The findings were evaluated by the tables in which the percentile average of the scores the observers have given to the evaluation criteria for each photo. As a result of the evaluation, various suggestions were developed for the physical layout of the area by determining the preferred areas with visual appeal in the main campus of Tekirdağ Namık Kemal University.

Keywords: Campus areas, Visual landscape, Visual landscape quality, Campus areas

1 Introduction

Campus areas have many functions including educational and scientific activities, social and cultural life, shopping and housing. Accordingly, they consist of academic buildings (classrooms, laboratories and research areas), administrative buildings (rectorate, deanery, etc.), cultural areas (libraries), residential buildings (dormitories, lodgings) and recreational areas (cafeterias, facilities, green spaces, etc.) [1–5]. Campuses form a whole with their structures, open spaces and users. They are shaped by natural (climate, topographic structure, flora) and cultural (transportation situation, economic structure, etc.) characteristics of the city they are located in. Hence, they form small models of...

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