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New Approaches to Spatial Planning and Design

Planning, Design, Applications

Edited By Murat Özyavuz

One of the main objectives of planning and design is the reflection of the works to the space. Therefore, the starting point of this book is to reveal the research conducted by different professions in the field of spatial planning and design. For this purpose, original researches on direct application and land were included. Planning and design studies need co-operation between professions in order to fulfill this philosophy. These activities are effective means of fulfilling the philosophy of sustainability. Planning and design is a tool to tell the story of a community, and how it’s past, present and future work together for a sustainable tomorrow. The design process in which the most appropriate spatial compositions are revealed by shaping the areas in the direction of planning decisions, develops in the continuation of the planning process. This book is for landscape architects and other planning and design professions. Theoretical foundations, theories, methods, and applications will be essential parts of this reference book. In addition, this book addresses several very different subjects of study; landscape management, biodiversity, landscape restoration, landscape design, urban design, urban planning and architectural design related to theory, practice and the results will be covered.

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43 Use of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants

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Abstract: Medicinal plants have been used to relieve pain and treat various diseases by indigenous communities in different parts of the world, since the origin of humanity. According to records of WHO, in 1970s there were 21,000 identified medicinal plants. Moreover, it is estimated that this number is above 70,000 today. “Aromatic plants” is a special class of plants used for their aroma and flavor. In various medicines and aromatherapy, many of the aromatic plants are used for their medicinal and aromatic features. Furthermore, they are also used as nutrition, cosmetic, spice and herbal tea. The parts of plants, such as leaf, flower, fruit, fruit peel, seed, root, tuber, bulb, branch or stem bark, branch tips, stalk and wood are used to provide medicinal and aromatic benefits. In this chapter, the concept of medicinal and aromatic plants and the development of these plants throughout history are examined. In addition, along with the commercial use of medicinal and aromatic plants, botanical gardens, medicinal and aromatic plant gardens, and therapeutic gardens are being created to conserve, exhibit, recognize, register, and also to create good environments for people are mentioned. Also, some examples of these kinds of gardens from different parts of the world are provided.

Keywords: Medicinal plants, Aromatic plants, Traditional medicine, Medicinal and aromatic plant gardens, Therapeutic gardens

1 Introduction

Medicinal plants have been used to relieve pain and treat various diseases since the origin of humanity by indigenous communities in...

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