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Towards Scientific Metaphysics, Volume 1

In the Circle of the Scientific Metaphysics of Zygmunt Zawirski. Development and Comments on Zawirski’s Concepts and their Philosophical Context

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Krzysztof Śleziński

The book presents results from research conducted by Zygmunt Zawirski on the theory of knowledge, quantum mechanics, logic, ontology and metaphysics.

The works undertaken in the field of logic, methodology and philosophy of science, and in particular the philosophy of nature and natural science testify to a solid preparation for the fundamental task of developing contemporary scientific philosophy. The emerging mathematical natural science did not have those possibilities which emerged in the 20th Century and which Zygmunt Zawirski (1882-1948) used. In the development of scientific metaphysics, he took into account both the achievements of modern logic, mathematics and physics. Zawirski builds scientific metaphysics by referring to empiricism, broadly understood experience. Modern metaphysics should meet high standards of precision and uniqueness, which is why Zawirski attempts to apply the axiomatic method to both the analysis of the theory of physics and the scientific metaphysics.

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Preface

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Lively discussions about developing a general theory of reality are magnified at the time of the emergence of new scientific theories. This situation occurred in the first half of the 20th century: in the natural sciences there appeared two fundamental theories of macro- and microcosmos: theory of relativity and quantum mechanics; whereas, in the formal sciences, a breakthrough was to be observed – among others manyvalued logic systems and the so-called limitation theorems were elaborated. Groundbreaking achievements in detailed sciences have changed the view of the world of natural phenomena. The mechanic image of reality was removed and in its place new insights into traditional problems that carried a philosophical charge began to be introduced. What we are referring here to is not only the change in the understanding of space, time or matter, the principles of causality, but also the development of systems distant from thermodynamic equilibrium and basic natural sciences research.

The testimonies of the philosophical struggle with the development of specific sciences and new concepts appearing in them can be, developed by Zygmunt Zawirski and Benedykt Bornstein, two different concepts of scientific metaphysics.

The subject matter of this monograph is the presentation, discussion and critical analysis of two selected paths leading to the development of scientific metaphysics, which deserve special attention due to the still valid research programs presented by Zawirski and Bornstein. Both studies meet very high standards of methodological development of a general theory of reality referring to the development...

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