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Philosophical Problems in the Contemporary World

Edited By Dilek Arlı Çil and Nihal Petek Boyaci

The social and technological developments, social movements, scientific discoveries, economic growth or diseconomies give rise to many problems for human beings. Many disciplines such as economics, political science, architecture, sociology and psychology discuss these problems and offer solutions from different perspectives. Philosophy has its own way of dealing with these problems. As opposed to the common belief, philosophy does not only deal with ideals independently of what is going on in real life. The problems of the contemporary philosophy are also the problems of the contemporary world. For this reason, this book aims to present and discuss certain philosophical problems in the contemporary world and to suggest solutions to them.

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Life and Death Ethics: Burden of Natality and Mortality

Extract

Bergen COŞKUN ÖZÜAYDIN1

Life and Death Ethics:

Burden of Natality and Mortality

Introduction

Birth is something that has expected by everyone who lived in the past and who currently live. Whether we define our presence in the world as thrownness (geworfenheit) as defined by Heidegger or think that natality is a miracle like Hannah Arendt puts it, it is for sure that being born and having a life are nested one in another. Birth is the thing to which we owe our living existence. When we talk about living things, therefore human beings, an experience which is as definite and unchangeable as being born is death. Although accepting the reality that one who was born and who is living will have an end of his/her life and will face death of which we have no knowledge of what will happen thereafter, might be difficult for the living beings, and despite the fact that human beings have been trying to find the secret to immortality for hundreds of years, the death is, at least for now, something from which there is no escape and is imminent and attached to our existence the same was birth is. Man is born and lives with the certain potential of dying that will happen one day. Birth and death are the simplest, most ordinary and spontaneous facts that happen to a human being.

However, this ordinary and simple fact, being born and to...

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