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Management and Organization: Various Approaches

Edited By Yasin Cakirel

The volume provides a collection of research papers in the area of management and organization on a wide range of topics including job alienation, whistleblowing, responsible leadership, cyberloafing, job crafting, organizational trust and career satisfaction.

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New Career Approaches and Career Capital

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1 Introduction

The term career is derived from the Latin word carraria, which means road. However, different meanings have been attributed to this term in time. With this evolution, the modern meaning of the word “career” refers to an occupation or employment type that involves an opportunity to advance (Arthur and Lawrence, 1984). Career may also be defined as accumulations of information and knowledge embodied in skills, expertise, and relationship networks acquired through an evolving sequence of work experiences over time (Bird, 1994).

Although the concept of career had emerged and been discussed by different disciplines such as psychology and sociology earlier, it was addressed by studies focusing on the right interaction between individuals and organizations and career management in the late 1970s. Starting from the 1980s, the subject of career has become a separate field of study under business administration and part of the human resources management system (Adamson, Doherty, and Viney, 1998).

The perspective toward the concept of career, which is of interest to many different disciplines, has changed with developments that affect professional life, and the traditional career approach has been replaced by new career approaches. This section primarily focuses on the change in the nature of career as a concept and the emergence of new career approaches. It then explains new career approaches, introduces the concept of career capital, and finally discusses the role of this concept with regard to new career approaches.

2 The Evolving...

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