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Management and Organization: Various Approaches

Edited By Yasin Cakirel

The volume provides a collection of research papers in the area of management and organization on a wide range of topics including job alienation, whistleblowing, responsible leadership, cyberloafing, job crafting, organizational trust and career satisfaction.

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Changing the Limits of Work: Job Crafting and Its Importance

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1 Introduction

In today’s ambiguous and overly competitive environment, organizations are designing the work to be done as per organizational goals beforehand and present the work to their employees in a ready state in order to increase their performance. However, no matter how presenting the work in a ready state is thought to be beneficial in theory and also in the applications of the past, it is now reckoned that in today’s environment it is not able to create the desired effect (Kerse, 2017: 284). The reason behind can be understood when looked into literatures of psychology, social psychology and management as individuals have different personality traits and expectations. Additionally, the feeling of work alienation, as defined in self-determination theory, shows that individuals desire to have control over the work they are doing. The ones who feel they don’t have the control tend to question their work and feel alienated from their job (Babadag, 2018: 212). For this reason, presenting an already prepared and top down work to individuals may form an obstacle for the organizations in getting the desired outputs. The way to overcome this is to present an environment for the employees in which they would be able to act proactively. In other words, the employees should be able to have the initiative to change the work they are doing and its physical, temporal and cognitive boundaries (Wrzesniewski and Dutton, 2001: 179). This notion is expressed as job crafting and is a relatively new...

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