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Management and Organization: Various Approaches

Edited By Yasin Cakirel

The volume provides a collection of research papers in the area of management and organization on a wide range of topics including job alienation, whistleblowing, responsible leadership, cyberloafing, job crafting, organizational trust and career satisfaction.

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The Effect of the Perceived Leadership Behaviors of Ship Managers on the Contextual Performance of Seafarers

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1 Introduction

Changes brought by the intense competition today affect the structures, activities and management of organizations directly. The effects of leader behaviors on management activities have attracted the interest of researchers and organizations to the concept of leadership. Leadership is defined as the process of mobilizing, directing and affecting employees for the purpose of reaching objectives (Hellriegel & Slocum, 1992). Leadership is the skill of directing the behaviors of group members (Fiedler, 1967), having creative morale strength, being able to persuade others to perform a certain task, providing inspiration (Casimir, 2001) and creating an environment for all these to happen. Leadership is researched regarding several of its aspects as it is an important concept related to organizational activities (Bass,1990). Especially in the literature, it is seen that several studies have been conducted to investigate the relationships between leadership behaviors and employee performance in different sectors (Judge, Piccolo & Ilies 2004; Vigoda-Gadot 2007; Veliu, Manxhari, Demiri & Jahaj, 2017). In the maritime sector, among the studies on leadership, Theotokas, Lagoudis and Kotsiopoulos (2014) applied a questionnaire on 45 ship masters from different nationalities to determine the leadership profiles of ship masters and reported that democratic and participatory leadership would be a more suitable leadership approach in ships. Olaniyan and Hystad (2016) investigated the relationship of authentic leadership with the job satisfaction, safety perception and psychological capital of seafarers. Lu, Hsu and Lee (2016) revealed the significant effect of the national culture and leadership perceptions of...

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