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Higher Education Reform: Looking Back – Looking Forward

Second Revised Edition


Edited By Pavel Zgaga, Ulrich Teichler, Hans G. Schuetze and Andrä Wolter

The central focus of this book is the concept of higher education reform in the light of an international and global comparative perspective. After decades of far-reaching reform, higher education around the world has profoundly changed and now has to face the challenges of the present. This volume takes a close look at these changes, the drivers of change, their effects and possible future scenarios. In their contributions the authors discuss a variety of basic concepts: learning and teaching in higher education; financing and quality assurance; governance change; massification vs. equity and equality; internationalization and mobility, the implementation of lifelong structures in higher education.
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Trends in Private Higher Education in Mexico



This chapter offers an overview of recent trends in private higher education in Mexico. Its starting point is the widely accepted assumption in the literature that the two great coordinating forces are public policies and the market, which interweave mutually in specific arrangements nurtured by general trends in international policies and economics and by the characteristics and conditions of each individual system of higher education. The objective is to analyze the relationships between public governmental policies and the development of private higher education and, secondly, to offer some elements with regard to the economic dimensions of the latter, specifically, its geographic distribution, its importance in the generation of wealth and its profits.

The first part is a brief conceptual note about the relationships between the market and the state, the state’s paradoxical interventionism in the public sector and the definition of private institution in the case of Mexico. Next we present the current context of public higher education’s expansive policies, which since the past decade have contributed to reducing the relative weight of the private sector. In the third section we offer a detailed description of this sector, starting out from a quick review of the enrollment, graduate studies and the characteristics of the faculty. The fourth section addresses the recent phenomenon of the creation of oligopolies of private institutions that, in the form of large networks, contain more than half of private enrollment. In the next section, we undertake a quick analysis...

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